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History of Stockton

Stockton began as an Anglo-Saxon settlement on high ground close to the northern bank of the River Tees. The manor of Stockton was created in around 1138.

It was purchased by Bishop Pudsey of Durham in 1189 and since then has undergone many changes.

Stockton’s market can trace its history back to 1310, when Bishop Bek of Durham granted a market charter – to our town of Stockton a market upon every Wednesday for ever.

Stockton Castle is first referred to in 1376. It was captured by the Scottish in 1644 and was occupied by them until 1646, but was destroyed on the orders of Oliver Cromwell at the end of the Civil War. There is now a shopping centre, called the Castle Gate Centre, where the original castle stood

Stockton History 16th – 19th Century

Stockton on Tees 1500-1800 In 1642 came civil war and in 1644-46 Stockton was occupied by the Scottish army. After the civil war the Bishops Castle was destroyed by parliamentarians to prevent it ever falling into royalist hands. However in the late 17th century Stockton On Tees began to flourish. …

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The Name Stockton (Etymology)

Stockton, is an Anglo-Saxon name with the typical Anglo-Saxon place name ending ‘ton’ meaning farm, or homestead. The name is thought by some to derive from the Anglo-Saxon word Stocc meaning log, tree trunk or wooden post. ‘Stockton’ could therefore mean a farm built of logs. This is disputed, because …

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Stockton Town Hall History

Stockton’s historic Town Hall – or, to give it it’s traditional name, the Town House – dates from 1735 in its present form.  Dominating the town from its position in the centre of the town’s High Street, it is a focal point for the town centre.  Theree times a week, a market is …

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Stockton History Timeline

1138 The manor of Stockton was created 1189 Purchased by Bishop Pudsey of Durham 13th Century The Bishop of Durham turns Stockton into a borough 1310 Stockton has a market. It is also a busy little port with a population of about 1,000. 1376 Stockton Castle is first referred to 1644-46 Stockton …

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Stockton from Past to Present Day

Stockton-on-Tees is in the North of England in the United Kingdom, 250 miles(400km) north of London and close to the North Sea. Stockton’s population is presently about 178,000. Most of these people live in the four principal towns which make up the Borough – Stockton, the largest, with Billingham, Thornaby …

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The Stockton Railway

The Stockton and Darlington Railway, which opened in 1825, was the first permanent steam locomotive railway. The line was 26 miles (40 km) long, and was built between Darlington and Stockton-on-Tees and from Darlington to several collieries. The line was initially built to connect inland coal mines to Stockton, where …

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John Walker & The Match

John Walker was born on the 29th May 1781 at 104 High Street, Stockton, where his father was in business as a grocer and wine and spirit merchant. John was the third of four boys; he also had two sisters. John was well educated (at grammar school) and when he …

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Brief History of Stockton

Stockton began as an Anglo-Saxon settlement on high ground close to the northern bank of the River Tees. The manor of Stockton was created in around 1138. It was purchased by Bishop Pudsey of Durham in 1189 and since then has undergone many changes. Stockton’s market can trace its history …

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